FLOOD PROTECTION AND RESTORATION WORK BY IRRIGATION DEPARTMENT
I. Flood Damages Restoration Works under FDRD
Soon after the floods the government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa allocated sufficient funds for the reinforcement and restoration of the damage infrastructure of 2010 floods. A Directorate for the Restoration of Flood Damages (FDRD) work was established which has been able to execute 61 number of schemes so far, out of which 22 have been completed. More importantly the repair work on Amandara and Munda Headwork has been completed. However, major part of the restoration work remains unattended in the shape of 299 leftover schemes costing Rs 5.00 billion due to non availability of funds.
II. Up-Keeping of Existing Flood Protection Work
The Irrigation Department Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has been working on up-keeping of the existing flood protection infrastructure. The department has been able to spend Rs.587.54 million on the strengthening and re-enforcement of the water reservoirs and has installed 185 gauges and has improved the rating curves for obtaining accurate data of water flows. Additionally, the department has provided Wireless Communication System to improve communication for better Early Warning in case of rivers overflow. The Master Planning of major rivers/nullahs of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is another step taken by the Irrigation Department which will ultimately lead to reduce disaster risk.
DRM Interventions executed by PDMA
I. Establishment of Provincial Emergency Operation Centre (PEOC)
PDMA with the support of European Commission and UNDP has established the Provincial Emergency Operation Center –PEOC with its head office in PDMA Peshawar and its connections in 10 most vulnerable districts i.e Peshawar, Charsadda, Nowshera, Swat, Shangla, Dir Lower, Dir Upper, Kohistan, Tank and D.I. Khan. The POEC is fully funded by European Commission and supported by UNDP. The establishment of PEOC will facilitate the coordination and execution of emergency response in case of the disastrous events.
Objectives of the PEOC
- Provide a bridge and platform for timely, accurate and concerted efforts on part of the Government machinery.
- Reduce vulnerabilities to any natural or man induced disasters through better coordination among the Districts & Provincial Government.
- Enhanced preparedness at provincial and district levels for any future disaster.
- Strengthening linkages with the Provincial Govt (PDMA) and Districts governments for well coordinated response mechanism in event of disaster.
- Strengthening early warning system through communication of reliable and in-time information.
- Strengthening of disaster response capacities of the districts Govts by coordinating their function at the district level through central command and control unit.
- Enhancing capacity of the DDMUs through increased mobility and facilitation.
II. Establishment of Women Desk
Women Desk PDMA was established on 1st April 2012 with the goal; "An institution to promote gender perspective and promotion for sustainable human settlement through providing equal opportunities to women and men".
PDMA realizes that building the capacity of women is very important for DRR/DRM and for this purpose a number of initiatives have been undertaken by Women Desk. A video on preparedness of women during floods has been made in Pushtu, Hindku, Saraiki and Urdu languages. Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) has been endorsed by PDMA to address the reproductive health needs of women. PDMA has also endorsed Rapid Gender Needs Assessment (RGNA) that will be carried out once disaster is declared, so as to effectively address needs and concerns of women.
III. Establishment of Child Protection Cell
Child protection in emergencies is a vital element of general protection that ensures the care and protection of children who come under vulnerable population group.
Provincial Disaster Management Authority Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and UNICEF partnered to develop a functional coordination mechanism to mainstream child protection and response in different programs and services. A Designated person at PDMA for child protection has been nominated who will act as focal person for child protection issues during any future disasters.
IV. Strengthening of DDMUs in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The strengthening of District Disaster Management Units (DDMU) is essential for coordination of DRM interventions at districts level which serve as management units of PDMA. Distt Disaster Management Officers have been notified in every district and support staff has been sanctioned and recruited in most of the districts. It is imperative that the DDMUs are equipped enough to shoulder the responsibilities for disaster mitigation and risk reduction at district level.
A training program has been developed and implemented for the capacity building of the DDMO’s and other district staff. The PDMA is successfully implementing orientation sessions on DRM concepts and practices in collaboration with Provincial Academy for Rural Development Peshawar.
V. Creation of post of District Disaster Management Officer (DDMO)
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa can only be made a disaster resilient province if the disaster management structure of the districts, beings first responders, is organized and strengthened. For this purpose, besides other initiatives, government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has created one post of District Disaster Management Officer (BS – 17), one post of Computer Operator (BS – 12) and one post of Naib Qasid (BS -1) for each District Disaster Management Unit (DDMU).
In order to strengthen the DDMUs and to ensure systematic disaster resilient activities at district level through ownership, dedicated post of DDMO has been created. In next financial year, DDMOs will be formally appointed.
VI. Strengthening of Civil Defence Department & Rescue Service 1122
In a move of strengthening disaster response authorities, disaster preparedness and response mechanism as well pooling resources of different authorities at one destination, the provincial government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has integrated Civil Defence directorate, which has its presence in 16 districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa i.e. Peshawar, Mardan, Abbottabad, Kohat, D.I.Khan, Swat, Bannu, Dir Lower, Chitral, Mansehra, Nowshera, Hangu, Charsadda, Batagram, Malakand and Upper Dir, and Emergency Rescue Service 1122 directorate which has presence in two districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa at the moment i.e. Peshawar & Mardan, under the umbrella of Relief, Rehabilitation & Settlement (RR&S) department.
It is evident from a long track record that Civil Defence has a strong network of volunteers in 16 Districts working under respective Civil Defence Officers. These volunteers are performing different emergency duties under the overall supervision of the respective DCs. Volunteers are an integral and essential part of department and are the main strength of Civil Defence.
In order to ensure coordinated response to any disaster, operational integration of Civil Defence & PDMA and focusing Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM), it has been decided that capacity of Civil Defence department will be enhanced by providing necessary rescue and safety kits as well trainings to staff and volunteers of the organization in well reputed national institutions. A PC-I costing Rs. 120.00 million with allocation of Rs. 16.191 million for the capacity building of Civil Defence department has been approved in FY 2012-2013. As a component of this programme training progrme for volunteers as well as core staff of civil Defence Department has been completed. Procurement of almost all required items for Civil Defence Department has also been completed.
The Rescue Service 1122 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has also become an attached department of Relief, Rehabilitation and Settlement department. In a very short interval of 2½ years time, this service has proved its worth. Role of this service, during all kind of natural & manmade disasters, has been appreciated by all and sundry. The provincial government tends to extend the coverage area of the service to whole to the province. Provincial government is also striving for strengthening its capacity to handle disasters effectively.
VII. Construction of Provincial Humanitarian Response Depots
The maintaining of sufficient stocks of food and other essential items will enhance coping capacity of the govt authorities in case of any disaster. PDMA has been utilizing the old buildings of Food Department near Bus stand in Peshawar as warehouse, which are damaged and declared non-feasible by the department for storing food items. The same building is being currently used as provincial warehouse where the food and non food items cannot be maintained according to the required standards and hence need is felt for a state of the art warehouse at provincial level.
The World Food Program (WFP) has been providing support for enhancing preparedness capacity of the PDMA through construction of provincial warehouse. The provincial warehouse will be established for storing food and non food items at provincial level to be used by the PDMA as well as WFP.
The Provincial Disaster Management Authority has purchased a 7 acres piece of land for the construction of a state-of-the-art warehouse at Jalozai district Nowshera. Land acquisition has been completed under Land Acquisition Act. Construction work will be started soon. This warehouse will provide sufficient capacity for the storage of relief related items for all districts adjoining Peshawar.
VIII. Provision of pre-fabricated storage facilities in 11 Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The World Food Program has been extending all-out support to PDMA Khyber Pakhtunkhwa for enhancing its preparedness capacity as well as district govts through construction of provincial warehouse as well as installing 11 pre-fabricated Flospans (warehouses) in different districts. The pre-fabricated Flospans are being installed in districts on land provided by the district govts. This will enable the districts govts to keep the food and non-food items for longer time under hygienic standards and enhance the capacity for a better response in case of disaster.
The Flospans (Warehouses) are being installed in the following districts:
IX. Training of Outboard Motors operators of Police, Rescue 1122, Irrigation Department and Civil Defence by Pak Army
11-Eng Corps of Army arranges training for the operators of Outboard Motors (Boats). Such trainings have been held last year where nominated persons by the Irrigation Department, Civil Defence Department and Rescue 1122 were given training: The same has been undergoing this year as well.
X. Installation of Doppler Weather Radar System at Cherat & Chitral
Currently Malakand, Hazara and Peshawar regions are out of the monitoring range of RADARs installed in Lahore, Islamabad and DIKhan. In order to strengthen weather forecasting capacity of PMD two Doppler (modern) Weather RADARs Systems have been proposed in Cherat and Chitral. Total cost of the project is about Rs.500.00 million and the PC-I has been prepared and sent to Planning Commission by Ministry of Defence. The PC-I will be placed before the CDWP and funds may be allocated in FY 2013-14. The installation of these RADARs will help PMD to strengthen the capacity of PMD for timely and accurate forecast about precipitation in KP.
XI. Rain Gauging Monitoring System in Kalpani Nulla
Under this project automatic rain gauges will be installed in the catchment areas of Kalpani Nulla Mardan, with total cost of Rs.251.937 million. The project has been approved by CDWP and funds will be allocated in FY 2013-14. The monitoring system will cover catchment areas of Malakand and Buner and automatic rain gauges will be installed across the nullah. When the rain/water flow level will reach a certain level the alarms installed at various stations including DC, DPO offices will ring. This will help the district administration to timely issue warning/alert and even evacuate the people if needed.